1. Antigenic Drift:

a. changes in antigens to ensure pathogen transmission

b. damage to infectious agents caused by antibodies.

c. changes in antigens to ensure pathogen survival.

d. genetic mutations.

e. changes to infectious agents that allow these agents to infect host cells without any signs or symptoms

2. Integration of HIV dsDNA into the host cell’s genome requires an HIV-encoded enzyme.


3. Flu viruses have a single large circular nucleic acid molecule in their genomes.


4. Integrase is needed for:

a. the emergence of new strains of influenza virus

b. attachment of HIV to host cells

c. the HIV nucleic acid to become part of the host cell genome

d. attachment of influenza viruses host cells

e. infection of different animal species with different strains of the influenza virus

Order with us today for a quality custom paper on the above topic or any other topic!

What Awaits you:

• High Quality custom-written papers

• Automatic plagiarism check

• On-time delivery guarantee

• Masters and PhD-level writers

• 100% Privacy and Confidentiality