Instructions

1. Archaea and Bacteria are similar in a way that they are both prokaryotes. How do they differ from one another?

A. Bacteria thrive in diverse environments while Archaea thrive in extreme environments.
B. Bacteria thrive in extreme environments while Archaea thrive in diverse environments.
C. Bacteria thrive in high acidity and salinity environments while Archaea thrive in very high/very low temperature environments.
D. Bacteria thrive in very high/very low temperature environments while Archaea thrive in high acidity and salinity environments.

2. Archaea that live in an extremely high level of dissolved salt are called _______.

A. hyperhalophiles
B. hyperalkaliphiles
C. hyperpsychrophiles
D. methanogenic archaea

3. Archaea that produce methane by using hydrogen as their source of energy and CO2 as their source of carbon to produce methane are called ________.

A. hyperhalophiles
B. hyperalkaliphiles
C. hyperpsychrophiles
D. methanogenic archaea

4. Why are Archaea referred to as “extremophiles”? It is because they _______.

A. thrive in environments with extreme temperatures
B. thrive in environments with harsh conditions
C. live in environments with extreme acidity
D. live in environments with no oxygen

5. All of the following are types of Archaea, EXCEPT:

A. bacteria
B. halophiles
C. methanogens
D. thermophiles

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