How is the xylem recognized from the phloem tissue in the midrib in the dicot leaf c.s? A. phloem is located below the palisade layer; while the xylem tissue is above the spongy layer. B. xylem tissue is located below the spongy layer; while the phloem is above the palisade layer. C. Phloem is located near the upper epidermis; while the xylem tissue is towards the lower epidermis. D. Xylem is located below the palisade layer; while phloem is oriented near the lower epidermis 2. Which of the following is not a characteristic of Pine leaf? A. resin duct/canals abundant in mesophyll layer B. mesophyll divided into palisade and spongly layer C. endodermis surrounds the vascular tissue D. with sunken stomata in epidermis 3. Which is not a characteristic of the Zea mays leaf? A. horizontally oriented B. presence of bulliform cells C. Kranz anatomy D. parallel type of venation 4. Which of the following is not matched with its function? A. Bulliform cells – rolling of the leaf B. Indusium – covering tissue of the sporangium C. Annulus – protective covering of the sporangium D. Pulvinus – responsible for leaf folding 5. Which of the following leaf specimen in cross section is the transfusion tissue observed? A. Fern leaf B. Zea mays leaf C Pinus leaf C. Nerium oleander leaf 6. Which of the following is not a characteristic of the Pinus stem cross section? A. with protostelic vascular cylinder B. pith is at the center of the stele C. with vascular cambium D. resin ducts abundant in the xylem tissue 7. Which of the following is not a characteristic of the dicot Helianthus stem c.s? A. with vascular cambium between primary xylem and phloem B. pith is at the center of the stele C. amphiphloic – eustele type of vascular cylinder D. phloem fiber cap supports the vascular bundle 8. Which of the following describes the stele in Zea mays stem cross section? A. actinostele B. eustele C. dictyostele D. atactostele 9. Which of the following describes the stele in the Lycopodium stem cross section? A. actinostele B. plectostele C. haplostele D. atactostele 10. Which structure is correctly paired with its function? A. Apical bud – increase thickness/diameter/girth of the stem B. Axilliary bud – growth of new leaves and branches C. Vascular cambium – growth in length of the stem D. Cork cambium – increase thickness of the wood tissue
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