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The lumbar region is the A. area in front of the elbow. B. upper back C. lower back. D. bottom of foot. E. forearm. 2. The antecubital region is the A. area in front of the elbow. B. chest area. C. lower back. D. bottom of foot. E. forearm. Volume 3. The pectoral region is the A. area in front of the elbow. B. chest area. C. lower back. D. hip. E. forearm. 4. The brachial region is commonly known as the A. groin. B. buttock C. breastbone. D. upper arm. E. naval. 5. The gluteal region is commonly known as the A. groin. B. buttock. C. breastbone. D. upper arm. E. naval. 6. The cervical region is the A. calf. B. armpit. C. hollow behind the knee. D. neck. E. thigh. 7. The stomach is located mainly in which quadrant of the abdomen? A. The right upper quadrant B. The right lower quadrant C. The left upper quadrant D. The left lower quadrant E. The left middle quadrant plane. 8. Amputation of a foot at the ankle would involve a cut in the A coronal B. median C. transverse D. frontal E lateral 9. Which of the following abdominopelvic organs is retroperitoneal in location? A stomach Bliver C. pancreas D. kidney E. duodenum 10. Which of the following lists best illustrates the sequence of increasing levels of complexity? A. cells, tissues, organelles, organs, organ systems B. tissues, cells, organs, organelles, organ systems C. organs, organelles, organ systems, cells, tissues D. organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems 11. The visceral pleura is A. a double-layered serous membrane that anchors some of the abdominal organs to the body wall. B. the serous membrane that covers the lungs. C. the serous membrane that lines the abdominal and pelvic cavities. D. space located between the visceral and parietal pleura. E. the membrane that lines the pericardial sac. 12. In the reversible reaction, CO2 +H:0 – H2CO3 + H + HCO3″, a decrease in respiration rate will increase the concentration of CO2 in the blood. This will increase the amount of H’ in the blood. How will this affect the pH of blood? A. pH will increase. B. pH will decrease C. pH will be unchanged. 13. Substances dissolved in the liquid portion of a solution are called A. solutes. B. solvents. C. catalysts. D. osmoles E. insoluble. 14. This is a sagittal section through the abdominopelvic cavity. What structure does “B” represent? A. visceral peritoneum (covers organs) B. mesentery C. parietal peritoneum (lines cavity) D. retroperitoneal organs E. peritoneal cavity 15. This is a sagittal section through the abdominopelvic cavity. What cavity does “D” represent? A. visceral peritoneum (covers organs) B. mesentery C. parietal peritoneum (lines cavity) D. retroperitoneal organs E. peritoneal cavity 16. This is a sagittal section through the abdominopelvic cavity. What structures does “E” represent? A. visceral peritoneum (covers organs) B. mesentery C. parietal peritoneum (lines cavity) D. retroperitoneal organs E. peritoneal cavity 17. Magnification is achieved in a compound microscope through the initial magnification of the specimen by the lens. This image is then projected to the lens that will further magnify the specimen to form a virtual image received by the eye. A. ocular, objective B. scanning, objective C. objective, ocular D. ocular, oil E. none of the choices are correct system, system 18. The system that exchanges carbon dioxide and oxygen and helps in speech is the whereas the system that transports oxygen and carbon dioxide to or from tissues is the A respiratory; urinary B.circulatory: digestive C. respiratory: digestive D. circulatory: urinary E. respiratory: circulatory 19. Which of the following statements accurately describes the organization of structures in animals? A. Organs are made up of tissues, which are made up of cells, which are made up of organelles and molecules. B. Tissues are made up of organs, which are made up of cells, which are made up of individual atoms. c. Organisms are made up of tissues, which are made up of organ systems, which are made up of DNA. D. Organ systems are made up of cells, which are made up of tissues, which are made up of organelles. E. Organs are made up of cells, which are made up of atoms, which are made up of molecules. 20. Arrange the following from largest to smallest: (1) nucleus (2) DNA molecule (3) skin cell (4) chicken eggs A. 1, 2, 3, 4 B. 4.3. 1.2 C. 3, 4, 2,1 D. 2, 3, 1,4 E. 4, 2, 3,1 21. The two main components of the plasma membrane are A. carbohydrates and lipids. B. lipids and ions. C. proteins and carbohydrates. D. proteins and lipids. E. ions and proteins. 22. According to the most current model of the plasma membrane, A. cholesterol forms the innermost layer of the membrane. B. a double layer of phospholipids with proteins embedded at intervals C. phospholipids and cholesterol form a single lipid bilayer. D. the membrane is a rigid unchanging structure. E. the membrane is impermeable to all ionic molecules. 23. Which of the following is CORRECTLY matched with its function? A. channel proteins – catalyze chemical reactions inside the cell B. cell identity molecules are primarily steroids C. receptor proteins-move specific ions or molecules using ATP D. peripheral proteins – penetrate the lipid bilayer from one surface to the other E. carrier proteins-move bound ions or molecules from one side of the membrane to the other se pure for Ouestions 24 – 27 Diagrammatic representation of watermolecules) 24. Water accounts for 50% of the weight of a young adult female and 60% of a young adult male. What kind of bond is found at “A”? A. hydrogen bond B. water molecule C. oxygen atom D. hydrogen atom E.polar covalent bond 25. Water accounts for 50% of the weight of a young adult female and 60% of a young adult male. What kind of bond is found at “B”? A. hydrogen bond B. water molecule C. oxygen atom D. hydrogen atom E. polar covalent bond 26. Water accounts for 50% of the weight of a young adult female and 60% of a young adult male. What kind of atom is represented as “C”? A. hydrogen bond B. water molecule C. oxygen atom D. hydrogen atom E.polar covalent bond 27. Water accounts for 50% of the weight of a young adult female and 60% of a young adult male. What kind of atom is represented as “D”? A. hydrogen bond B. water molecule C. oxygen atom D. hydrogen atom E.polar covalent bond 28. What cellular function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed? A. Exocytosis B. Active transport C. Ciliary action D. Protein synthesis E. Osmosis 29. The aroma of cookies baking in the kitchen reaches you in the living room. The distribution of this oder throughout the house is an example of A. active transport. B. dialysis. C. osmosis D filtration. E. diffusion. 30. The movement of oxygen from the alveoli of the lungs into the bloodstream is an example of A. simple diffusion. B. osmosis. C.active transport D. bulk transport E. facilitated diffusion. 31. Cyanide stops the production of ATP. Which of the following processes would be affected by cyanide? A. simple diffusion B. osmosis C. active transport D. facilitated diffusion E. filtration 32. After placing your slide on the microscope stage, before you start focusing it is best practice to A. switch the objective lens to the highest-power magnification B. turn the lamp to full brightness C. switch the objective lens to the lowest power magnification D. raise the stage to the highest level. E. Both C and D are necessary region of the same limo 33. The region of the left lower limb is proximal to the A. carpal; elbow B. femoral; sural C. antebrachial; brachial D. tarsal; crural E. brachial; femoral Red blood 34. Red blood cells (RBCs) have been placed in three different solutions: hypotonic, hypertonic, isotonic. What is solution “A” relative to the RBC? A. hypotonic solution B. hypertonic solution C. isotonic solution D. hemolyzed E. crenated 35. Red blood cells (RBCs) have been placed in three different solutions: hypotonic, hypertonic, isotonic. What is solution “B” relative to the RBC? A. hypotonic solution B. hypertonic solution C. isotonic solution D. hemolyzed E. crenated 36. Red blood cells (RBCs) have been placed in three different solutions: hypotonic, hypertonic, isotonic. What is solution “C” relative to the RBC? A. hypotonic solution B. hypertonic solution C. isotonic solution D. hemolyzed E. crenated 37. Red blood cells (RBCs) have been placed in three different solutions: hypotonic, hypertonic, isotonic. What is the condition of the RBC in solution “C”? A. hypotonic solution B. hypertonic solution C. isotonic solution D. lyzed E. crenated 38. Red blood cells (RBC) have been placed in three different solutions: hypotonic, hypertonic, isotonic. What is the condition of the RBC in solution “B”? A. hypotonic solution B. hypertonic solution C. isotonic solution D. hemolyzed E. crenated 39. Which of the following statements about the rate of diffusion is incorrect? A. Rate of diffusion increases with increase in temperature B. Rate of diffusion increases with increase in molecular size C. Rate of diffusion increases with increase in concentration gradient D. Rate of diffusion increases with increase in viscosity of the medium E. Both B and D are incorrect 40. In the equation: 2H + O2 → 2H2O A. H, O2, and H2O are all compounds B. H2, O2, and H2O are all molecules C. Only H2O is a compound D. Hand O2 are elements E. Hz, Oz, and H2O are all molecules but only H2O is a compound. 41. Two solutions are separated by a selectively permeable membrane. If solution A has a higher concentration of a non-permeating solute than solution B, then, A. the solute will pass down its concentration gradient from solution A to B. B. the solute will pass down its concentration gradient from solution B to A. C. water will pass down its concentration gradient from solution A to B. D. water will pass down its concentration gradient from solution B to A. E. neither the solute nor water will diffuse. 42. Sister chromatids are pulled to opposite poles of a cell during A. S phase. B. G2 phase. C. prophase. D. metaphase E. anaphase. 43. The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is A. prophase. B. metaphase. C. anaphase. D. telophase. E. interphase. 44. GI, S, and G2 phases are collectively called A. interphase. B. telophase. C. cytokinesis. D. prophase. E. anaphase. 45. The process that results in the formation of mRNA is called A. Replication B. Transcription C. Translation D. Duplication E. Codification IT 46. The figure above shows the structure of a representative cell. What does “A” represent? A. smooth ER B. rough ER C. Golgi complex D. mitochondrion E. nucleolus 47.. This figure shows the structure of a representative cell. What does “D” represent? A. mitochondrion B. rough ER C. smooth ER D. Golgi complex E. nucleolus 48. This figure shows the structure of a representative cell. What does “E” represent? A. Golgi complex B. rough ER C. smooth ER D. mitochondrion E. nucleolus 49. The moist, two-layered serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity is called ti A. peritoneum. B. diaphragm C. synovium. D. pleura. E. pericardium. 50. The kidneys, ureters, adrenal glands, aorta, and inferior vena cava are all located A. within the peritoneal cavity. B. retroperitoneally. C. inside the visceral peritoneum. D. within the pelvic cavity. E. within the thoracic cavity.

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