pessory synovial struct 7) Which of these is not considered to be a A) bursae B) tendons C) menisi D) fat pads E) synovial membrane car s Mike falls off his skateboard and sprains his ankle. Which of the following most likely this type of accident? A) Dislocation of the ankle occurs. B) A bursa is damaged and leaks synovial fluid. C) A ligament is stretched and collagen fibers in the ligament are damaged D) Articulating bones are forced out of position and ligaments are tom. E) The tibia is broken and must be set in a cast. 9) The joint between the forearm bones and the wrist is a A) hinge joint B) saddle joint C) glide joint. D) pivot joint E) condylar joint. joint. 10) The joint between the carpals is a/an A) pivot B) condylar C) gliding D) hinge E) amphiarthrosis 11) A movement away from the midline of the body is termed A) abduction B) flexion C) inversion D) extension. E) adduction. 12) To pinch with a thumb and finger involves a movement called A) circumduction. B) eversion. C) opposition D) rotation E) retraction 13) A common injury to the ankle occurs by excessive turning of the sole inward, terme A) plantar flexion. B) eversion. C) inversion D) protraction E) dorsiflexion 14) Which of the following movements is a good example of flexion? A) tuming the hand palm upward B) spreading the fingers moving the hand toward the shoulder D) extreme bending of the head backwards E) opening the mouth 15) 15) The joint between the trapezium and metacarpal bone of the thumb is an example of an) joint. A) gliding B) condylar C) saddle D) hinge E) pivot 16) Monaxial joints are known as __ _joints. A) condylar B) saddle C) gliding D) ball-and-socket E) hinge 16) 17) The movements known as dorsiflexion and plantar flexion involve moving the A) hip B) arm. C) foot. D) leg 17) E) hand. 18) In a triaxial articulation A) no movement is possible. B) movement can occur in only one axis. C) only circumduction is possible. D) movement can occur in only two axes. E) movement can occur in all three axes. 19) 9) All of the following are structural classifications of synovial joints, except A) rolling B) pivot. gliding. D) hinge. E) saddle. The elbow joint is extremely stable because A) several muscles support the joint capsule. B) the joint lacks bursae. C) the ulna and humerus interlock. D) the articular capsule is thin. E) the capsule lacks ligaments. 21) herniated intervertebral disc is caused by -A) loss of annulus fibrosis elasticity. B) protrusion of the nucleus pulposus. C) ossification of the vertebral disc. D) transformation of fibrocartilage to hyaline cartilage. E) slippage of the fibrocartilage disc. the radial tuberosity res ial tuberosity results in 22) Contraction of the muscle that is attached A) extension of the forearm. B) abduction of the forearm. C) rotation of the shoulder. D) adduction of the forearm. E) flexion of the forearm 23) The rotator cuff of the shoulder functions to A) allow biaxial movement. b) allow monaxdal movement C) limit the range of movements. D) reinforce the joint capsule. E) reinforce the joint capsule and limit the range of movements. 24) 24) Which of the following athletes are at greatest risk of developing a rotator cuff injury? A) soccer players B) high jumpers C) tennis players D) runners E) baseball pitchers 25 25) In the knee joint, the medial and lateral menisci A) act as cushions and conform to the shape of the articulating surfaces. B) take the place of bursae. C) are fat pads to protect the articulating bones. D) are found between the patella and femur. E) are cartilages that bind the knee to the tibia. 2 26) The synarthrosis that binds the teeth to the bony sockets is a A) syndesmosis. B) gomphosis. C) synchondrosis. D) synotosis. E) suture. 27) Joints in which the bones are closely fitted are A) joints in the limbs that function for locomotion B) strong and free-moving joints. C) weak joints with restricted movement. D) synovial joints. E) strong joints with restricted movement. 28) Which of the following is not considered an accessory synovial structure? A) fat pads B) synovial membrane C) tendons D) bursae E) menisci 29) The knuckle joint is classified as a A) condylar B) pivot joint C) hinge D) glide E) sad 30) Ankle extension is also called A) eversion B) protraction C) plantar flexion D) inversion E) dorsiflexion 31) A movement away from the midline of the body is called A) flexion B) abduction. C) inversion D) extension. E) adduction 32) To pinch with a thumb and finger involves a movement called A) opposition B) eversion C) circumduction D) rotation E) retraction. Take H Name 33) Which of the following movements is a good example of flexion? A) extreme bending of the head backwards B) moving the hand toward the shoulder C) turning the hand palm upward D) spreading the fingers E) opening the mouth joints. 34) Monaxial joints are known as A) condylar B) saddle C) ball-and-socket D) hinge E) gliding 35) An extension past the anatomical position is known as A) rotation B) flexion. C) extension. D) double-jointed. E) hyperextension. 36) Which foot movement enables the ballerina to stand on her toes? A) plantar flexion B) eversion C) rotation D) dorsiflexion E) inversion

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