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How did Ottoman and the Turkish policy lead to a destabilized Middle East? What role did the British play in destabilizing the region?
This is a history question but there was no category for history

Climate Change Paleoclimatology: Reconstructing past climates We talked about climate and how geoscientist use many different proxies as a means of estimating paleotemperature, or temperatures in the past. This laboratory will give you the opportunity to try four (4) different proxies that are common in the study of paleoclimate. These proxies include stable isotope records from ice cores and marine sediment cores, assemblage data from trees (pollen) and marine fossils. You will then use directly measured instrument data and observation data to investigate Recent climate change. This includes graphs of atmospheric CO2(g) and the observable retreat of glacial ice in North America. Part 1: Pleistocene Climate Reconstructions On the follow page is displayed ice core data, obtained from the Vostok ice tore in Antarctica and a marine sediment core, which was recovered from the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean. Plot the isotope data from the ice and sediment cores. On your graphs, label the areas of the graph that represent hot and cold temperatures using our discussion of stable isotope principles. A record is a pollen record from a lake in Japan. By observing warm- and cold-weather species, you can make a temperature record for the lake. Unlike your other graphs, pollen data won’t show exact values, just hot, cold, or intermediate temperatures. Plot the isotope data from the ice and sediment cores. On your graphs, label the areas of the graph that
represent hot and cold temperatures using our discussion of stable isotope principles. Vostok Ice Core Marine Sediment Core Years Before 8180 Years Before 8180 Present x 103 Present 109 0 0.0 n – 26 18 חר n.7 55 52 90 0.1 – 1.6 -3.9 105 – 55 03 100 110 120 135 195 -0.5 -0.2 HE – 23 125 0.0 1. 5.7 07 156 224 229 270 -3.9 240 -0.5 03 290 299 -4.4 -2.2 0.6 0.2 -07 327 342 410 435 AA 210 320 320 540 405 425 460 9.2 4.5 -0.7 0.5 0.2 tates)
Ice Core 3 -3.5 -4 6180 -45 -5 -5.5 eff o 50 100 150 350 400 450 500 200 250 300 Years Before Present Marine Sediment Core -1 -0.8 -0.6 -0.4 -0.2 8180 o 02 0.4 0.6 08 1 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Years Before Present 350 400 450 500
View Acrobat Review References Mailings AaBbCcDdEe AaBbCcDdEe AaBbCcDc AaBbCcDdE Heading 1 Heading 2 N A Normal No Spacing 를 들 08 450 1 500 400 350 50 100 150 200 250 300 Years Before Present Plot the isotope data from the ice and sediment cores. On your graph, label the areas of the graph that represent hot and cold temperatures. Make another graph for the pollen data. I
Pollen Data Corylus Ulmus-Zelkova Snoong Cryptomeria Fagus Carpinus Acer Pinus Alnus 50 100 Age (X109 years) 150 200 250 300 20 20 40 40 40 40 40 8020 40 80 40 80(%) cool-climate tree humid-climate tree 1. What stands out about your temperature graphs? How do they compare to each other?
1. What stands out about your temperature graphs? How do they compare to each other? 2. Does the data tell you anything about climate on a global scale? What causes any similarities? Differences? I 3. How much the temperature has actually changed? At the place on your Ice Core graph representing the present day, write “QC”. Now we can go back and see how many degrees of temperature change there have been in the past. On the axis measuring 810, write “+5°C” next to the minimum isotope value (3%). Now write”-10°C” next to the maximum isotope value (5.5%). 4. The Last Glacial Maximum is the name for the most recent Ice Age. Based on your Ice Core graph, when was the Last Glacial Maximum? 5.How much has temperature changed since then? 6. What’s the total temperature change between the Last Glacial Maximum and the Last Interglacial (the last time of high temperatures)? Part 2: Anthronropenic Climate Chanen

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