Instructions

Which of the following statements about fermentation is false? O the recipient of hydrogen atoms is an organic molecule. O water is not one of the by-products cells can utilize only one type of fermentation pathway fermentation takes place only in

When covering vitamins as coenzymes, we discussed one B-vitamin whose function was ‘1-carbon transfers’, which broadly refers to adding on a single -C-Hy depending upon the exact need for that biochemical process. What coenzyme is unique enough to be able to carry out such a function? 7. Review the steps and reactants involved in the synthesis of the non-essential amino acids. What enzymes, substrates, and coenzymes are involved in these reactions? What B-vitamin (coenzyme) do you see is involved in every one of these enzymatic reactions? 8. How are non-essential amino acids, alanine, glutamate, and aspartate synthesized? 9. How is tyrosine synthesized? 10. How is cysteine synthesized from serine? 11. Compare and contrast the type of biochemical reactions where you would expect to see methionine or SAMe as a reactant versus vitamin B9 or folate; and what they are contributing to the reaction: 12. There are several ‘inborn errors of metabolism’ where an individual has inherited a genetic mutation in one or more metabolic enzyme. It is important to look at the Figure 20.15 in the textbook to get a good understanding of these various disorders. Most if not all are tested for at birth so that the child can be monitored and treated right away due to seriousness of the disorder. List the enzyme deficiency for the disorders listed below: a. Phenylketonuria (PKU): b. Homocystinuria: c. Maple syrup urine disease:

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