What anatomical term is used to describe towards the back” in pigs? What anatomical term is used to describe “towards the front/belly” in pigs? Sexing your pig 1. What criteria would you use to determine if the fetal pig is male? 2. If you see a swelling just ventral to the anus, what structures would be contained in this swelling? 3. What criteria would you use to determine if the fetal pig is female? Digestive system 4. Examining the tongue on your virtual pig. a) What kind of tissue makes up the tongue? b) What is the function of the tongue? 5. Which structure is the junction of the passageways for food and air? 6. What is the epiglottis? What is the function of the epiglottis? 7. In which body cavity do most of the digestive, excretory and reproductive organs reside? 8. When you first cut open your virtual pig, what is the large, brown organ at the anterior of the cavity? Name the function of this organ in the process of digestion. 9. Locate the small intestine in your virtual pig. What are the two functions of the small intestine? 10. Locate the large intestine in your virtual pig. What are the three functions of the large intestine? 11. What is the function of the gall bladder? 12. What is the function of bile? Where in the digestive system is it released? 13. What ring shaped muscle is responsible for controlling the movement of chyme from the stomach to the small intestine? 14. What structures increase the surface area of the stomach and stretch to increase stomach volume? 15. Locate the spleen in your virtual pig. Where can you find it? What are the two functions of the spleen? 16. Locate the pancreas on your virtual pig a) What are the exocrine functions of the pancreas? As an exocrine organ, what organ system does the pancreas belong to? b) What are the endocrine functions of the pancreas?
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