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When an individual receives antibodies that were produced by another person, or animal, providing short lived or temporary immunity, that is referred ass: a. active immunity b. humoral immunity c. immunosuppression d. passive acquired immunity e. immunocompetence A method to artificially induce an immune response to an infectious disease is: a. immunity 12. b. resistance c. antitoxin d. vaccination e. conjugation 13. Which is not a characteristic of the inflammatory response? a. delivery of additional effector molecules to the infection site b. inducing local blood clotting c. processing and presenting foreign antigen peptide fragments d. promoting the repair of damaged tissue e. all of the above are characteristics of inflammation 14. It is sometimes difficult to produce an immunization against certain pathogens because they frequently change their molecular protein coat. This is called: a. protective antibodies b. antigenic variation c. attenuation d. hypergammaglobulinemia e. artificial active acquired immunity The general name for any protein that is secreted by cells and affects the behavior of near-by cells with the appropriate receptors is: 15. a. complement b. antitoxins c. cytokines d. isotypes e. immunogens Macrophages possess many receptors that bind bacterial components or foreign antigen. Which of the following is not a receptor found on macrophages? 16. a. Mannose binding receptor b. CD14 receptor c. Scavenger receptor d. Toll-like receptor e. They are all receptors which are found on macrophages Micro-organisms have repeating patterns in their molecular structure on their surface. These repetitive structures are known as: 17. a. Complement system b. Bradykinin c. Pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPS) d. Mannose binding lectin c. Antigenic idiotypes The end product of the Complement cascade which facilitates pore like holes in the cell membrane of the pathogen known as: 18. a. C3 convertase c. Opsonization d. Sepsis e. Membrane attack complex 19. The activated function of which cell is responsible for the release of granules containing histamine? a. Mast cells b. Dendritic cells c. B cells d. Erythrocytes e. CD4 cells 20. Which of the following is a potential route of immunization? a. intravenous b. subcutaneous c. intramuscular d. intradermal e. all of the above

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